Limpopo Province in the most Northerly Province of South Africa and borders onto three other African countries being Botswana to the West, Zimbabwe to the North and Mozambique to the East. Polokwane is its capital and is located in the centre of the province. 

​Limpopo is a province with an extremely rich cultural history with significant historical events occurring from  before 300 AD when historians have found that the first black Africans moved across the Limpopo. South Africa's first Kingdom developed into the subcontinents largest empire. Mapungubwe created trade links with China, India and Egypt; trading in gold and ivory. The kingdom lasted for 400 years before it was abandoned in the 14th century. The Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape is 1 of South Africa's 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Voortrekkers arrived in Limpopo which resulted in numerous battles breaking out between the Voortrekkers and indigenous African people.

During the 19th Century, the most recent significant historical event which has occurred in Limpopo was during the period of Apartheid. Portions of the land within the province were divided up and became known as 'homeland' areas.

General Information

Limpopo has rich mineral deposits of platinum group metals, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gold and many more. The rich lands also lend themselves to farming, giving the province the name of the "garden of South Africa". Tropical fruits grown include litchis, bananas, mango and papaya. The area also produces tea and extensive hardwood forestry plantations. Commercialagriculture, mining, cattle farming and wildlife reserves form a large proportion of the provincial economy. 

Limpopo has a total area of 125 755 square kilometres and is situated in the savannah biome. It is an area of mixed grassland and trees which is commonly known as bushveld. Along with the majority of South Africa, the region has a summer rainfall. The north and eastern regions are subtropical with hot and humid summers and mild, mostly frost free winters. The province has widely contrasting views ranging from 'true' bushveld, grand mountain ranges, indigenous forests, unspoilt wilderness and patchwork farmlands. The northern half of the world renowned Kruger National Park lies in the eastern region of the province. Not only is the province partially home to Kruger National Park,54 other provincial reserves and a large number of luxury private game reserves are also situated here.

​There are many cities of significance within Limpopo of which a popular stop over point is Bela-Bela. Bela-Bela is a town situated two hours from Johannesburg in the Waterberg district and has been made popular due to its mineral water baths.

Limpopo: Quick Facts

  • Provincial Capital City: Polokwane

  • Languages: 52.9% Sepedi, 17% Xitsonga, 16.7% Tshivenda

  • Population 5 404 868 (2011)

  • Share of SA population: 10.4%

  • Area: 125 755 Square Kilometres

  • Share of total SA area: 10.3%


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